The 2009 Meeting of the Division of Planetary Sciences will be held between October 4 and 9, 2009.
In this year's science program, there are four Io talks and one poster planned. All four Io talks will be held during the Galilean Satellites oral session on the afternoon of Friday, October 9. The Io-related poster will be in the Decadal Survey White Papers section during the poster session on the evening of Tuesday, October 6. Here is a brief summary of the talks and posters to be presented:
- The first talk of the Galilean Satellites session is titled, "Strong Tidal Dissipation In Io And Jupiter From Astrometric Observations" and is by Valery Lainey et al. The talk will summarize their results from examining astrometric data of the Galilean satellites over the last century and what the motions of these moons tell us about the rate of tidal dissipation within Io. They found that the dissipation rate is on the same order as Io heat flow, suggesting that Io is in thermal equilibrium. These results were published in a paper in the journal Nature earlier this year and were discussed in more detail on this blog then.
- The next talk will be by Daniel Allen and Jani Radebaugh and is titled, "Temperature and Variability of Three Ionian Volcanoes." The authors examined the brightness and color temperature of three volcanoes on Io (Pillan, Wayland, and Loki), observed by Cassini's narrow-angle camera during several eclipses during the New Year's 2001 Cassini encounter. The abstract and talk provide an update to the results presented at this year's Lunar and Planetary Sciences Conference back in March, including updated temperature estimates for the three volcanoes. They found a cooling trend for Pillan and Wayland, suggestive of a cooling lava flow, as well as an apparent shut down of a vent at Wayland during one of the eclipses. Loki was found to be more variable, consistent with an active lava lake.
- John Spencer et al. will present the next talk in the Galilean satellites session, titled, "Changes in Io's Atmosphere in 2009: Atmospheric Inflation Near Perihelion?". During his talk, Spencer will present spectroscopic observations of Io's atmosphere acquired in June 2009 which suggests that Io's atmosphere undergoes an increase in column density (the amount of gas over a given area on Io's surface) as the Jupiter system approaches perihelion. This would be the result of increased sublimation of sulfur dioxide frost from Io's surface from the increased surface temperatures. The vapor-pressure equilibrium relationship between SO2 surface frost and atmosphere SO2 gas is sensitive enough that even the 5.6 K temperature difference between aphelion and perihelion is expected to produce a 7x difference in atmospheric SO2 vapor pressure. This data was also discussed in more detail by John Spencer in June in the Planetary Society Blog.
- The final Io talk in the Galilean satellites session will be presented by Jessica Lovering and is titled, "Analysis of the New Sodium Emission Feature Discovered in Io’s Wake". The discovery of this Jupiter-ward sodium jet was presented at last year's DPS and was discussed to an extent on this blog then.
- The Io poster covers the Io Decadal Survey White Paper and will be presented by David Williams. The two white papers were discussed on this blog earlier.
Link: DPS 2009 Meeting [dps09.naic.edu]